The body produces a waste matter which is stored in the bladder and bowel control before being discharged. The bladder stores liquid waste called urine. The solid waste which comes from the bowel has the technical name of feces. Feces often called stools the motion or bowel action. At intervals, the outlet from the bladder or bowel opens and waste matter released.
When in the uterus, the baby’s bowels contain a sticky, greenish-black substance named conium. The baby gets rid of this during the first few days of life by passing greenish-black stools. The stools gradually change to a yellow color as milk taken and the baby’s digestive system gets into working order.
It is common for babies to go red, grunt and strain when passing a stool, even a soft one. The stools of a baby fed entirely of breast milk are always soft. Bottle-fed babies have stools that are firmer, browner and smellier.
Young babies are not able to control the outlet of either the bladder or the bowel, and the bladder, in particular, opens many times a day.
How to use the potty for baby’s bladder and bowel control
Some parents try to teach their baby to use a potty when the baby is a few months old. Usually, they do not have success because a baby of this age is still far too young to learn. However, a few babies will perform regularly on the potty. This is not because the baby has learned what to do, the reason will be either that the cold rim of the potty triggers the outlet of bladder or bowel to open, or the baby has regular bowel or bladder movements at particular times of the day.
Babies who use the potty in the early months may refuse to do so at 9-12 months old. A parent who then tries to force the baby to sit on the potty runs a real risk of starting a battle. A baby of this age is not yet old enough to have any voluntary control over the bowel or bladder outlets. The parent should wait for a few months and then try again.
When should training begin bladder and bowel control?
There are no hard and fast rules. Some parents want their child to be toilet trained as soon as possible, others do not mind how long the nappy stage continues (within reason)
There is nothing wrong in putting a baby on a potty at any age, and if successful it saves a wet or dirty nappy. Problems will only result if the baby forced to sit on the potty against his will. This is the commonest cause of later difficulties. Toilet training can only start properly when the child begins to learn how to control the muscles which open the bladder and bowel. This rarely happens before the age of 15-18 months and is sometimes later. There is great variation in the speed at which normal children develop, even children of the same family become clean and dry at quite different ages.
Development of bladder bowel control
Development of control Bladder control the usual stages of development of bladder control are as follows:
- It begins when the child is aware of passing urine and indicates to his parents he has a wet nappy
- Indicates when he is wetting his nappy
- Next, he indicates when he is about to do so
- Shortly after this stage is reached, he is able to tell his parents in time to be put on the potty or lavatory (toilet, too, or whatever it is called):
- He becomes dry during the day. Most children are dry during the day by the time they are 2.5 years, but some may not be so until 4-5 years or older. Girls tend to acquire control earlier than boys.
- He becomes dry during the night as well.
- Relapse of control (regression) Bowel control is likely to learn before bladder control and acquired in the same way.
Careful after using pants or nappies
It is quite common for a child who has learned to control his bladder and bowel. To stop doing so for a while and to return to wetting and soiling his pants. The cause may be teething, illness change of surroundings, insecurity due to the arrival of a new baby. There may be no obvious reason.
The relapse is likely to be short if the child is given praise and encouragement on the occasions when he is clean and dry. But it will usually last for a much longer time if he is smacked or punished and made to feel unloved and insecure.
Do not force children to use the potty
Forcing a child to sit on the potty Children who have been forced to sit on the potty against their will are those who in later months refuse to use it. They may:
- Deliberately soil or wet their pants as soon as they get off
- Withhold the motion and become seriously constipated
- Become bed-wetter’s.
These problems are not likely to arise if the child is taken off the potty as soon as he wants to get off, whether he has passed whatever or not. A child who comes to secondary the potty with smacking and scolding will not want to use it.
Bed-wetting some children take much longer than others to learn control of the bladder. By the age of 5 years, one in ten children still wets the bed occasionally. They will eventually grow out of it.
How to prevent Babies Bladder and bowel control
How parents can help Parents should continue calmly. Patient and confident so that the child does not feel upset or under stress about bed-wetting. It helps if parents do not offer the child a during at bed-time, and lift the child during the night. If the problem continues, a doctor may advise:
- Using a device involving a pad under the sheet which starts an alarm as soon as any urine touches the sheet. The bell wakes the child, who can then use the potty.
- Medicines will help.