It is almost difficult to keep a baby absolutely clean all the time, nor definitely necessary. After a meal, babies often bring up a little milk. They regularly wet and soil their nappies. When they start to feed themselves they make a great deal of disarray. Baby’s nappies how to keep babies clean.
This is all part of childhood, and parents would be far too busy if they changed the baby’s clothes every time they were a little soiled. The parents aim should be to keep the baby’s skin, clothes, bedding and other equipment sufficiently clean so that they do not become a breeding ground for germs, or harm the baby in other ways.
Some of the germs which can injury a baby live in the bowel and are present in the stools. Other types of germs grow and multiply in the urine. They can also thrive in milk and other foods.
- 1 How to keep baby safety by the cleanliness
- 2 Changing the baby’s Nappies
- 3 How to Babys Nappies Care
- 4 Baby’s Nappy rash
- 5 Other causes of discomfort baby’s Nappies
How to keep baby safety by the cleanliness
The parents can safeguard the baby against germs by:
- Protection their own hands and nails clean-hands should always wash after going to the toilet, changing baby’s nappies, and before giving a feed
- Washing baby’s nappies carefully
- Repeatedly washing clothes and bedding
- Regularly cleaning nursery equipment and toys
- Not giving the baby stale food or food which has been kept in a warm place for several hours.
Changing the baby’s Nappies
The nappy needs to changed several times a day. Points to note are:
- The job can be done more speedily when the equipment needed is collected together first
- The job is easier when the baby is hired on a flat external rather than the lap-both hands are then free for nappy shifting
This type of altering mat prevents the baby from rolling off the bed or table on which the mat has been placed
- Placing the baby on a moving mat or plastic sheet helps to prevent dirtying objects underneath
- There is no need to wash the baby’s bottom every time a nappy is removed.
When the nappy has been soiled, any solid matter on the baby’s skin should be gently removed with cotton wool or tissues. The skin can then be cleaned with cotton wool and warm water.
Alternatively, the skin can be wiped with tissues. These may be bought ready moistened with a special solution that neutralizes the ammonia from urine and therefore helps to prevent nappy rash.
Make sure the skin is dry. A little cream may then be smoothed over the skin before the clean nappy is put on. The cream may be zinc and castor oil cream, silicone barrier cream, or another type of cream, lotion or oil made for the purpose. It helps to prevent nappy rash by forming a protective layer over the surface of the skin. The cream does not need to be used at every nappy change.
How to Babys Nappies Care
Washable nappies need to be kept clean and free from germs. This can be done either by washing in very hot water with soap or detergent or by soaking them for several hours in a special solution that cleans and sterilizes. This solution is made by mixing a sterilizer with water.
Washing baby’s nappies with soap or detergent
When a nappy removed from the baby:
- Remove any solid matter: One way of doing this is to hold the nappy under the flushing water in the lavatory. This may be unnecessary if a nappy liner has been used; remove the nappy liner and flush it away.
- Store in a covered nappy bucket: The cover on the bucket keeps the smell in. the nappies will be easier to wash if the bucket contains water.
- Wash in hot water with soap or mild detergent. The water should be at least 60c. Boiling helps whiten nappies well sterilizer them but boiling not necessary every time the nappies washed.
- Rinse thoroughly. All traces of soap or detergent should remove by rising in several changes of clean water. A ‘nappy softener’ added to the last rising water. It is unnecessary unless the nappies have become stiff, as it may cause irritation to the baby’s skin.
- Drying outside in the open air helps to keep nappies soft. Sunlight whitens hem and also helps to destroy germs. Drying nappies on radiators or hot pipes makes them stiff. Tumble driers are useful for drying nappies on wet days.
Washing nappies in sterilizing solution
Sterilizing solution needs to made up fresh each day and stored in a plastic bucket. One bucket or two can use. When there two buckets, one used for nappies that only wet, the other used for soiled nappies.
- Make up the sterilizing solution according to the instructions on the container.
- When nappies removed from the baby, those that only wet cab placed straight into the sterilizing solution. Soiled nappies should first have the solid matter flushed off into the lavatory.
- Leave the nappies to soak overnight. Next day, remove from the bucket, rubbing well any nappies which stained.
- Rinse thoroughly and dry as described above.
Baby’s Nappy rash
The first sign of nappies rash is when the skin becomes red and sore in the nappy area. If the rash not promptly treated, the skin becomes rough and wrinkled. Septic spots may also appear.
The nappy rash caused by ammonia and a strong smell of ammonia noticed when the nappy changed. The ammonia made from urine when the urine comes into contact with germs in the stools. The same type of germs may also be present in a nappy which has not been properly washed. The longer the baby lies in a wet, dirty nappy the more time there will be for the germs to produce ammonia. The ammonia irritates the skin and a rash appears.
Prevention of nappy rash
Nearly all babies get nappy rash at one time or another, but much can do to prevent it. The rules to observe are:
- Wash toweling nappies thoroughly every time they removed from the baby.
- Use ‘one-way’ liners.
- Do not let a wet, dirty nappy remain on the baby for than is necessary.
- Apply a protective layer of a suitable cream or lotion to the baby’s bottom.
- Leave off the nappy whenever possible.
- Do not use tightly fitting plastic pants more than is necessary.
- They keep warmth and moisture in and encourage nappy rash.
Treatment of nappy rash
When a baby develops a nappy rash, the bottom needs to keep as clean and dry as possible to allow the skin to recover. It is best to leave the nappy off altogether, but this not always practical. Alternatively:
- Leave the nappy off as often as possible
- Use only sterilized nappies
- Change the nappy as soon as it becomes wet or soiled during the day time
- Change the nappy at least once during the night
- Use nappy liners
- Do not use plastic pants
- Apply the cream every time the nappy changed
- Seek medical advice if the rash becomes wet and oozing.
Other causes of discomfort baby’s Nappies
A baby’s skin very delicate and it quite common for the bottom to become sore, however, well the baby cared for. There are a number of causes besides nappy rash. For example, a rash similar to nappy rash can develop if the soap, detergent or sterilizing solution not removed from the nappies by thorough rinsing. Nappy softener and fabric conditioners have known to the cause of such a rash.
Soreness around the anus caused by the skin being in contact with the wet stools. It is quite common in very young babies and at times of diarrhea when older. The chances of it happening increased by not changing the nappy frequently. For treatment- follow the guidelines for nappy rash.
The nose is necessary to wipe a baby’s nose to prevent soreness or blockage of the nostrils. By the age of two years, children should be able to do this for themselves. It is often very difficult to get them to blow the nose, but it is a useful skill for them to learn before starting school.
The feet to keep the feet healthy:
- Dry thoroughly between the toes after washing
- Use baby powder if there is much sweating
- Put on clean socks every day
- Cut toenails regularly- cut them straight across, but not too short nor down into the corners
- When shoes are necessary, it is essential that they should fit well