child growth and development

Child Growth and Development

Growth is an increase in size and development is an increase in difficulty. Child growth and development go hand in hand and it is regularly hard to detached one from the other. All babies follow the same general pattern of growth and development, and the stages in which they learn to do things generally follow in the same order.

Because they need to dominant one step before they can go on to learn the next. For example, their legs have to become strong enough to allow their weight before they can stand, they have to learn to stand before they can walk, and walk before they can run.

Each Child Growth and Development at his own pace

Although all child follows the same general pattern, each child growth, and development at his own pace. The rate of growth and development depends on a number of factors which include:

  • The genes which the baby has inherited
  • The amount of encouragement and interest shown by the parents
  • The baby’s state of health
  • Babies hygiene food and mealtime.

When a child said to be slow or late in doing somewhat, for example walking, it is often because he engaged in some other aspect of development such as talking in which he said to be forward.

What is Growth?

Growth can measure in terms of weight and height. Length in the case of children under 3 years of age. Generally, as children grow taller they also become heavier, but not always, because weight also depends on how fat the child becomes.

Finding the average rate of growth

The average worked out from measurements of a large number of children of the same age but differing body build and social background. Showing the average weight and height of children up to 7 years can be found.

Individual Variation

The photograph shows how greatly children of the same age can vary. These girls are all aged 7 years. Their measurements will spread over a wide range on either side of the average.

Gain in weight

This varies from child to child and from week to week. A weekly gain of 150-220(5-7)  expected in the first 6 months. As the baby grows older, the rate of gain in weight decreases. From 6 to 9 months it is about 90-150 gram per week, and it then slows down to 60-90 grams per week from 9 to 12 months, and for the second year is about 40 grams a week. Some gain more, some less.

As these figures show, a baby’s increase in weight is greatest in the first 6 months and then gradually slows down. This is also true for an increase in height. As a rough guide, the average baby doubles its birth-weight in the first 6 months and trebles it by one year.

How tall will a child grow?

The maximum height to which a child can grow depends on the genes inherited from his parents, and nothing can be done to make him any taller. On the other hand, unsatisfactory

Conditions such as poor feeding can result in a child never growing to his full potential height.

Proportions change with growth and development

As a child grows, the different parts of the body alter in shape as well as increasing in size. Some parts grow more quickly than others. This has the effect of changing the proportions of the body as the gets older. For example, at birth, the head is it is only about 1/0.

Growth and development of the legs

In the early stages, a baby is bow-legged. This condition gradually disappears and is often followed by knock-knees at the toddler stage. By the age of 6-7 years, the legs have usually straightened.


Physical growth and development is basically a biological manner. Growth an important, if often ignored, a feature of human development. The importance is most obvious during the periods of beginning and childhood when physical variations make available a wide range of new activities and experiences.

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